Proje Geliştirme ve
Koordinasyon Birimi

2017-05-18 Finland: CINPAD - Circulation of Bio-based Nitrogen and Phosphorus with Recyclable Adsorbents


CINPAD - Circulation of Bio-based Nitrogen and Phosphorus with Recyclable Adsorbents

Description of the project offered: 
BBI Call 2017 states that fertilisers need to be made more sustainable and resource–efficient. This will help secure European arable land productivity while also boosting sustainability and resource efficiency of the farming practices. For many years, mineral fertilisers have been used to intensify crop production to meet the food demand of a growing population. Mineral fertilisers represent 80 % of the market value of all fertilisers in the EU: they are manufactured from feedstock (such as phosphate rocks) imported from third countries or are based on energy-intensive production processes (for example nitrogen fertilisers), all of which are non-renewable resources. By 2050, it is estimated that the global supply of essential minerals used in synthetic fertilizers will be significantly decreased resulting in substantial increase of prices.

The proposed project addresses the aforementioned objective by a solution that uses advanced technologies to produce bio-based fertilisers in order to improve the sustainability and resource-efficiency of farming. It will also improve the cost-efficiency of wastewater treatment, where removal of nitrate by denitrification currently results in nitrogen being lost in the air as N2. Nutrients will be extracted from local bio-based waste streams (from biogas plants and municipal wastewater treatment plants among others), and industrial bio-based side streams will be utilized to produce the adsorbents used in the process. 

The main objective is to improve the sustainability of agriculture by introducing new innovative bio-based fertilisers, which meet the requirements laid down in the new EU fertiliser regulation. This reduces the need for imported mineral raw materials and energy-intensive production processes, and creates business and jobs for adsorbent and fertiliser manufacturers and owners of bio-based waste streams. Another objective is to improve the cost- and resource-effectiveness of industrial processes by utilizing their side streams to produce adsorbents. 

The proposed solution is based on a novel use of recyclable adsorbents for simultaneous nitrogen and phosphorus removal and recovery from local bio-based processes. Ammonium-nitrogen and phosphates are extracted from wastewaters using combined adsorbent and precipitation technology. KAMK together with its partners has recently developed an innovative method for production of adsorbents from natural raw materials and industrial waste material in a cost-effective way utilizing geopolymerization technique. Recovery schemes have been developed for phosphate, and a concept to convert recovered nutrients into fertilizers. This concept for extraction of nutrients complies with both EU regulation and market terms by separating the nutrients from the biowaste and thus getting rid of the adverse image of waste material in food production. Bio-based streams will be used as feedstock sources (for example agricultural and agro-industrial waste or sewage sludges). Those feedstocks have good availability across Europe and they can be sustainably used also in view of a further scale-up of the technologies and processes developed. The regeneration and recyclability of the selected adsorbent will be demonstrated in relevant conditions. The best method for manufacturing fertilisers will be chosen, and resulting fertiliser products will be piloted with several crops in different conditions. The new EU fertiliser regulation will be taken into consideration in all phases. The scalability and economic potential of the technology will be evaluated, and demo-scale production facilities will be established for the whole value chain from the production of adsorbents and extraction of nutrients to production and use of fertilisers.
Project proposer:   Risto Oikari (Finland)
Partner role:  Project coordinator 
Partner organisation:  Research
Call for proposal title:  BIO BASED INDUSTRIES PPP 
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-BBI-JTI-2017

Description of the collaboration sought: 
We are seeking partners for 1) fertilizer development and manufacturing (preferably industrial partners) and 2) demonsration sites for a) nutrients recovery (biogas plants, waste water treatment plants, fish farms) and b) fertilizer testing (farms). Other partners are welcome to propose their contribution. 
Expertise sought: Resources of the sea. Fisheries, Agriculture, Materials technology, Industrial manufacture, 
Roles sought: Project participant, Project coordinator, 
Organisation types sought: Industry, Research, 
Countries sought: Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, 

Call for proposal specific information
The referenced call for proposals has no specific fields defined.