Proje Geliştirme ve
Koordinasyon Birimi

2017-02-23 Ukraine: Factors Affecting Emergence and Spread of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Bee Products and Surface Waters in Some Areas of Ukraine


 

Factors Affecting Emergence and Spread of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Bee Products and Surface Waters in Some Areas of Ukraine


Description of the project offered: 
Drawing attention of the public and government structures of the countries participating in the project, to the necessity for governmental regulation and control over the use of the crop protection chemicals toxic to bees (pesticides, insecticides, neonicotinoids) for the purpose of protection and preservation of bees and production of safe products. Drawing attention of the farmers of the countries participating in the project to the fact that biological methods of plant protection shall be given high priority in the crop pest management system in order to achieve sustainable development of agriculture and preservation of flora and fauna. Researches include monitoring, analysis and recommendations based on the study of the content of crop protection chemicals toxic to bees (pesticides, insecticides, neonicotinoids) in bee products, surface and underground waters.
Objectives of the project:
We believe that in today's dynamic and global world beekeeping shall go beyond its narrow field in each country and take the most active part in finding solutions to such key issues as environmental pollution and depletion of natural resources, climate change, poverty and social inequality, cultural barriers and pandemic diseases.
Becoming familiar with one of the greatest wonders of nature – a bee colony and its products, we, the project participants, should reflect on how to use their miraculous power in order to make nature better and ensure its sustainable development.
By analysing honey and bee products, it is possible to conclude on the environmental conditions, including surface and underground waters, in the conditions of application of crop protection chemicals toxic to bees (pesticides, insecticides, neonicotinoids) for treatment of the farms.
Number of bee colonies in Europe has been declining for the past 20 years. This phenomenon is called "Colony Collapse Disorder". This is the case when the worker bees – the backbone of the bee family or bee colony – one day and forever leave their native hive and never return there again. Scientists say that after destroying the colony, bees die alone.
The syndrome of destruction of bee colonies is directly related to the wide-spread use of a class of insecticides, neonicotinoids causing most deaths of honey bees. Neonicotinoids make bees behave inadequately – be active in winter, leading to the deaths of the insects. Neonicotinoids make bees vulnerable to mites and adverse environmental factors, leading to the fact that bees lose their immunity, suffer and die.The widespread use of neonicotinoid insecticides require monitoring data in order to study their impact on bees, bee products, degree of contamination of soils, surface and underground waters for the purpose of establishing harmfulness of its use. The project involves three-year large-scale researches of the effect of neonicotinoid pesticides based on the chlothianidin, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and fipronil, dangerous for bees, which may be used in the whole spectrum of agricultural works carried out by enterprises and agricultural holdings in some regions of Ukraine, where there is quite a large base of nectariferous plants for bees pollinating large volumes of crops. Bees, bee products, surface and underground waters will be the subject of researches. Apiaries of the members of the organization and participants of the project will be involved in the process of monitoring. Laboratory tests will be conducted in the laboratories of the State Research Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary Expertise and in the laboratories of the State Scientific-Research Control Institute of Veterinary Medicinal Products and Feed Additives, accredited in accordance with the EU requirements, partners of the organization, and participant of the project.
For comparison honey, bee products, surface and underground waters will be tested for the presence of the pesticides toxic to bees (insecticides, neonicotinoids).
Project proposer:   Tetyana Vasylkivska ()
Partner role:  Project participant 
Partner organisation:  Non-governmental organisation (NGO)
Call for proposal title:  Greening the Economy 
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-SC5-2016-2017


Description of the collaboration sought: 
Our organization is interested and is looking for the partners for conducting researches in the following areas:
Monitoring of anthropogenic pollution by using a bee colony and analysing the impact of such pollution.
Researches on biological and non-medicamentous means to combat diseases of bees.
Study of the factors affecting emergence and spread of neonicotinoid insecticides in bee products and surface waters in some areas of Ukraine.
With an extensive organization structure throughout Ukraine we are able to provide the relevant procedure for selection of the required material for the necessary laboratory tests during one or more beekeeping seasons. Laboratory tests may be conducted in the laboratories of Ukraine accredited in accordance with the requirements of the EU and which are the partners of our organization. Also, a separate part of the researches may be conducted by individual institutions or laboratories of the EU, having joined the given project.
As a result of human activities an increasing amount of salts of heavy metals, radionuclides, products of petroleum refining industry, organochloride and organophosphorus compounds, neonicotinoidand other insecticides contaminate environment along with other pollutants. All this leads to long-term effects of these compounds on wildlife, including bees.

Honey bees fully meet the bioindicatorscriteria and together with the products of their life are unique objects of researches, with help of which it is possible to obtain an extensive environmental image. Bees, pollen, wax andpropolismay serve objective indicators of the ecological state.

Due to widespread use of chemicals in agriculture and forestry the problem of preventing and protection of bees from poisoning is becoming more acute.

In this regard, the following issues are the matters of concern:

• Researches on the methods of monitoringanthropogenic pollution and its effects on bee colonies;
• Studying the factors affecting emergence and spread of neonicotinoid insecticides in bee products;
• Researches on biological and non-medicamentous means to combat diseases of bees.

Conducting of these researches will contribute to studying the impact of environmental pollution on wild and domestic bee colonies; promote development of new agricultural technologies and extensive implementation of the methods for obtaining organic products; will make it possible to introduce biological and non-medicamentous means to combat diseases of bees into the methods of keeping and breeding of bees that will improve the immune system of bees. 
Expertise sought: Scientific research, Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Food, Agriculture, Veterinary and animal sciences, 
Roles sought: Project coordinator, Project participant, 
Organisation types sought: 
Countries sought: Luxembourg, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, 

Call for proposal specific information
The referenced call for proposals has no specific fields defined.