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Koordinasyon Birimi

2016-04-05 Egypt: Emphasize Interdisciplinary Approaches to Enhance Biotic and Abiotic Resistance and Improve Yield and Yield Quality Traits in Field Crops


 

 Emphasize Interdisciplinary Approaches to Enhance Biotic and Abiotic Resistance and Improve Yield and Yield Quality Traits in Field Crops


Description of the project offered: 
We propose a research collaboration program emphasizing interdisciplinary approaches to enhance biotic and abiotic resistance and improving yield quantity and quality traits in field crops.
Food production is one of the most vital uses of land, and indeed there is a very clear consensus that agricultural outputs will have to increase over the foreseeable future. These factors include ongoing increases in world population, greater numbers of affluent consumers demanding high input foodstuffs, and the dislocating effect of climate change with an increasing frequency and amplitude of weather. These drivers operate all over the world.
Crop growers are experiencing significant problems of poor efficacy and lack of control from current agrochemical options. 
The principal effects of abiotic stresses on crops are on reduction in yield, with variable effects on quality. This provides research opportunities to improve yield and quality of food for humans and feed. Abiotic stresses affecting field crops include excessive heat, drought, flooding, salinity, nutrient deficiencies and mineral toxicities. Increasing global warming increases the risk of severe impacts of biotic and abiotic stress. 
Plant diseases and insect injury are limiting factors for crop yield. They affect not only crop productivity but also yield quality and food safety as well. Host plant resistance is a preferred method of control, but genetic sources of resistance are often difficult to identify and to incorporate into agronomical important crop species. Developing crop plant varieties with durable resistance therefore requires multiple breeding approaches and a superior understanding of both host resistance and the adaptive mechanisms of microbes and insects. This project will interact strongly with plant geneticists to identify resistance and to characterize genetic variation in the field crop plants.
Improving agronomic quality of field crops is an important and multifaceted problem. Yield quality is important both for traditional food and feed production and for emerging industrial applications. In spite of the need, however, efforts to improve yield quality have been hampered because we do not adequately understand how the plant regulates production and deposition of seed storage products. Historically, plant breeders have exploited variability among different genotypes to improve yield quality traits by selection. Such approaches, although successful, usually do not contribute to our understanding of underlying cellular and molecular changes, and have focused almost entirely on food and feed applications. As we now contemplate increasing numbers of industrial applications and specialty products, we lack fundamental knowledge of the cellular processes we must regulate in order to modify storage reserves or redirect their deposition to achieve a desired outcome. To address this complex challenge, we have assembled a project teamwork who are using a broad spectrum of approaches to understand the complex genetic and biochemical mechanisms affecting seed physiology. 
Participating partners have strong individual research and extension programs and share interests in manipulating biotic and abiotic resistance and improving yield and yield quality. We will use molecular, genomic, proteomic, and mapping tools to understand interrelationships among major metabolic pathways, and to explore the relationships between resistance stability and shifts in pathogen and pest populations. Communication among the participating partners will ensure that problems relevant to field performance are addressed at the basic science level that advances in basic science are incorporated into the evolving strategies of practical plant breeding programs, and that information is disseminated to the other partners.
Project proposer:   CLARA Azzam (Egypt)
Partner role:  Project participant 
Partner organisation:  Research
Call for proposal title:  MARIE SKŁODOWSKA-CURIE RESEARCH AND INNOVATION STAFF EXCHANGE 
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-MSCA-RISE-2016


Description of the collaboration sought: 
Regional development, Field Crops breeders and genetics, Plant protection and production sectors, Social aspects, Water resource management, Agricultural biotechnology, Food, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Other technology, Robotics, ICT Applications, Information processing and Information systems.
Participating coordinator and partners should have strong individual research and extension programs and share interests in manipulating biotic and abiotic resistance and improving yield and yield quality. As well as molecular, genomic, proteomic, and mapping tools to understand interrelationships among major metabolic pathways, and to explore the relationships between resistance stability and shifts in pathogen and pest populations. 
Expertise sought: Intellectual property rights, Research ethics, Business aspects, Scientific research, Coordination. Cooperation, Innovation. Technology transfer, Evaluation, Forecasting, Legislation. Regulations, Policies, Security, Employment issues, Regional development, Economic aspects, Information. Media, Education. Training, Social aspects, Climate change and Carbon cycle research, Clean coal technologies, Sustainable development, Radioactive waste, Waste management, Radiation protection, Environmental protection, Safety, Project management methodologies, Standards, Reference materials, Measurement methods, Water resource management, Agricultural biotechnology, Resources of the sea. Fisheries, Food, Agriculture, Life sciences, Biotechnology, Medicine. Health, Mathematics. Statistics, Earth sciences, Meteorology, Other technology, Robotics, Automation, Space and satellite research, Industrial biotech, Nanotechnology and Nanosciences, Network technologies, ICT Applications, Materials technology, Construction technology, Aerospace technology, Transport, Telecommunications, Information processing. Information systems, Electronics. Microelectronics, Industrial manufacture, 
Roles sought: Project participant, Project coordinator, 
Organisation types sought: Consultancy, Research, Education, Industry, Public administration, Technology transfer, Non-governmental organisation (NGO), Small or medium-sized enterprise (SME), 
Countries sought: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, 

Call for proposal specific information
The referenced call for proposals has no specific fields defined.