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2016-03-05 United Kingdom: Hydrogen Storage Composite Tank - Design, Manufacture, Materials, Optimisation


 Hydrogen Storage Composite Tank - Design, Manufacture, Materials, Optimisation

Description of the project offered: 
FCH-01-7-2016 Call: Improvement of compressed storage systems and related manufacturing processes in the perspective of automotive mass production 

The project aims to achieve improved design criteria and inspection methods, while further improving the level of safety, reducing the likelihood of pressure vessels being unnecessarily removed from service following an impact that in fact has minimal effect on structural integrity. The most important output of this project will be a safety standard which will not only help safety inspectors to make correct decisions while assessing the service life of the composite cylinders but also help designers to optimise design such as the Type IV carbon fibre composites cylinders used in various applications to a new generation (Type v) lightweight tank configuration.

Four key challenges to be identified:

Achievement of the automotive cost targets for a broader market introduction. This is mainly due to carbon fiber costs, conventional manufacturing processes not developed for high productivity and architecture concepts that are not compatible with mass production. To tackle this challenge, significant advances with respect to mechanical reinforcement, architectural optimization and compressed overwrapped pressure vessel (COPV) manufacturing are required.
Vessel and ancillary component (tank valve, pressure regulator) integration in the vehicle in order to ease assembling procedures and maximize customer available volume.
Hydrogen refuelling times truly comparable to those of conventional fuels require an extended temperature range of the COPV. Likewise being able to extract the maximum hydrogen mass flow independent of the state of charge (SOC) calls for the ability of the COPV and the complete fueling system to operate at lower temperatures.
Increase the acceptance of COPVs for hydrogen storage in automobile applications by means of a higher safety level. It is necessary to ensure, that COPVs can be transferred into safe mode during thermal incidents.

Scope:

Development of new and/or optimized tank geometries having the same storage performances and providing an enhanced integration in the car space at comparable price.
Define standardized interfaces and objects in order to gain from the economy of scales.
Improve filling and venting tolerance of COPV (e.g. enhanced liner materials and multi-material assembling materials and techniques to increase mechanical and temperature tolerance (e.g. real -40°C H2 filling, - 60°C cold filling, +100°C).
Development and assessment of COPV innovative and flexible manufacturing processes for very large production capacity (objective to decrease the manufacturing time by a factor of 3)
Development of a cost-reduction strategy (increased materials efficiency, weight and volume reduction, manufacturing optimization, cost-efficient storage geometries/designs)
Miniaturization and integration of tank components, e.g. on-tank valve, pressure regulator
Development and validation of numerical tools (probabilistic models) to optimize COPV performance and durability and reduce cost and manufacturing discrepancies
Provide input to revised regulation codes and standards for storage tanks for compressed hydrogen.
For the protection against the worst-case scenario of the failure of the TPRD, a leak-before-burst vessel design should be developed. In this connection the failure mechanism of the vessel has to be studied. Furthermore, systems for detecting local fires and efficient fire protection systems as additional security measures are to be evaluated.
Project proposer:   James Njuguna (United Kingdom)
Partner role:  Project coordinator 
Partner organisation:  Education
Call for proposal title:  FCH2 JU call for proposals 2016 
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-JTI-FCH-2016-1


Description of the collaboration sought: 
hydrogen tank manufacturer
composite tank installation and integration
Hydrogen supplier
End users
SMEs in any of these areas
Regulatory testing 
Expertise sought: Automation, Materials technology, Aerospace technology, Transport, Industrial manufacture, 
Roles sought: Project participant, 
Organisation types sought: Research, Education, Industry, Public administration, Technology transfer, Non-governmental organisation (NGO), Small or medium-sized enterprise (SME), Consultancy, 
Countries sought: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, 

Call for proposal specific information

The referenced call for proposals has no specific fields defined.