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2015-10-22 Spain: ALuminium-air Battery Facilitating the Integration of Energy Storage Technology Advancements-ALFIESTA

ALuminium-air Battery Facilitating the Integration of Energy Storage Technology Advancements-ALFIESTA

Description of the project offered: 
Energy storage is viewed to be the future solution for integrating renewable energy sources in electricity grids and is present into the whole value chain from generation, transmission, distribution and end consumers.
Energy storage offers a number of advantages including:
• Storage of energy excess of consumption and discharge when needed which will increase energy value and support demand response, 
• Electricity grid relief during overloads, 
• Providing secondary service to conventional energy generation at lower cost and environmentally friendly.
This project deals with a new generation of advanced materials for energy technologies that will support the competitiveness of European industries, by developing an innovative kind of batteries that will be destined for energy storage in decentralized sources, very aligned with the European trend from large-centralized fossil fuel based electricity generation to more decentralized sources.
Aluminium is a very attractive material as anode for energy storage system. Its gravimetric energy density of 2.98 Ah/g is comparable with that of the lithium (3.86 Ah/g) and its volumetric energy density (8.04 Ah/cm3) is four times higher than the lithium (2.06 Ah/cm3). Aluminium is also the third most abundant element in the earth’s crust and in 2012 its cost was forty times lower than bulk lithium.
Many efforts have been made in the last 50 years to develop Al batteries, in particular Al-air batteries. The electrochemical reactions of oxygen are still challenging issues in electro catalysis. The reversible air electrodes that participate in both the reduction and evolution of oxygen are essential for the development of electrically rechargeable metal–air batteries.
That is why this proposal aims to develop a new primary Al-air battery enabling its rechargeability with a mechanical procedure, by replacing the electrolyte and the decomposed anode’s material automatically. 
Furthermore, as the future European energy storage scenario seems to be composed by the use of different kind of storage technologies, this proposal aims to increase the validation objectives by the integration of supercapacitors as energy source to cover high peaks of power demand, working together with the Al-air system.

The main objective of this proposal is to develop the energy storage system based on Primary Aluminium-Air Batteries, patented by Albufera Energy Storage, by defining and implementing new mechanical procedures to allow its rechargeability. 

To achieve this main objective, the following specific objectives have been established:
• Analyze and develop new anodes structures based on Aluminium.
• Develop and integrate nanocatalyst for the cathode.
• Develop and integrate the proper electrolyte.
• Develop an innovative electrochemical procedure to recover/recycle aluminium metal from the oxidized aluminium by using the H2 generated during the discharge and CO2 from the atmosphere, in order to recover the anode material and replace it with the less quantity of additional material.
• To develop a mechanical system for injection of recycled aluminium, therefore enabling battery to be recharged.
• To validate the technology with a battery module prototype tested in an electrical grid where a current technologies of battery are normally used.
• To carry out technical, economic and environmental assessment of the technology developed considering a safe-by design approach to guide all developments within the project scope.
Project proposer:   Lurederra Research centre ()
Partner role:  Project participant 
Partner organisation:  Research
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-NMBP-2016-2017

Description of the collaboration sought: 
2. Expert on Carbonaceous materials
9. Engineering for battery design and development of mechanical systems for rechargeability 
10. Expert on process models and simulation.
11. Supercapacitors manufacturer. 
Expertise sought: Hydrogen and fuel cells, Energy saving, Energy storage. Energy. Transport, Other technology, Materials technology, Industrial manufacture, 
Roles sought: Project participant, 
Organisation types sought: Small or medium-sized enterprise (SME), 
Countries sought: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Austria, 

Call for proposal specific information

The referenced call for proposals has no specific fields defined