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2015-07-21 Italy: Call GV.8-2015: Electric Vehicles

 Call GV.8-2015: Electric Vehicles

Description of the project offered: 
In this new vision of society and economy, the transport sector should give its contribution, starting from individual mobility. This would require a society capable to address imperfections of the market such as the social cost of resources consumption, information barriers, congestion and other unproductive transportation time, and health effects, which is an area where a new concept of electric car can play a crucial role.
Indeed, EVs powertrains are clean (carbon free if electricity is provided from renewable energy sources), quiet and at least three times more efficient than internal combustion engines. Moreover, they have fewer moving parts and other maintenance requirements. Maintenance costs can drop at least 50-70 percent as EVs need no transmission fluid, engine tune-ups, or oil changes and experience dramatically less brake wear due to regenerative braking. Nevertheless, the market take-up of electric cars is being delayed. On the other hand, the state-of-the-art technology is sufficient for using electric cars down-town, whereas long interurban journeys remain problematic; a 25 kWh battery, even at 50 kW fast charging, still requires 30 minutes for charging and gives up to 90 km of autonomy on a motorway at 130 km/h lowering the commercial speed of a motorway trip by electric cars to 75 km/h. These considerations hamper market penetration for EVs, also for people who use their cars mostly in urban environments. 
Another important aspect to be investigated is the possibility to modularize batteries and BMS, since the elementary unit of the battery as storage system as the cell. This latter concept finds interesting applications for electrical vehicles in the tram sector, which interests the power grid on board.
A possible solution to increase the market penetration for electric cars is to develop, thanks to the enabling ICTs, a completely new business model for them. Electric cars, especially in satellite cities at the periphery of large one, can become part of a new transport system to complement conventional mass transit and substitute it where it is less performing. The necessary ICTs to manage the fleet and the vehicles and its battery charging will be developed and tested by demonstrators.
The design of the system requires dealing with several interrelated problems concerning the location, sizing and type of the charging stations, the characteristics and sizing of the power grid, by taking into account the potential demand for mobility, the existing transport network, as well as the expected electrical consumptions for other purposes.
Wireless communication and integration of the overall cycle of EV energy management into a comprehensive EV battery and ICT-based re-charging system management, together to the evolution of the vehicle and together to a rethinking of the electric storage systems role are key drivers of change.
The proposal will involve the integration of recharge "contactless" systems and ICT systems that automatically manage the need for recharging batteries.

Only if the driver will not perceive any difference between the use of an electric vehicle and a conventional vehicle, the electric car will conquer not only the minds, but also the hearts of users, because the driver will not have to worry about the energy management of the vehicle and so the ease of use will increase.
Project proposer:   
Rosaria Fortunato (Italy)
Partner role:  Project coordinator 
Partner organisation:  Research
Call for proposal title:  GREEN VEHICLES 2015 
Call for proposal identifier:  H2020-GV-2015

Description of the collaboration sought: 

Expertise sought: Other technology, Robotics, Automation, Space and satellite research, Industrial biotech, Nanotechnology and Nanosciences, Network technologies, ICT Applications, Materials technology, Construction technology, Aerospace technology, Transport, Telecommunications, Information processing. Information systems, Electronics. Microelectronics, Industrial manufacture, 
Roles sought: Project participant, 
Organisation types sought: Industry, Small or medium-sized enterprise (SME), Research, 
Countries sought: 

Call for proposal specific information

1. Themes covered by this call
GV-8-2015: Electric vehicles' enhanced performance and integration into the transport system and the grid
2. Funding schemes applicable for this call (Please see call fiche for full details)
RIA (Research and Innovation action)